Webster's Unabridged Dictionary - Letter C - Page 167

Cylindric (a.) Alt. of Cylindrical

Cylindrical (a.) 圓柱形的;圓筒狀的;氣缸(或滾筒)的 Having the form of a cylinder, or of a section of its convex surface; partaking of the properties of the cylinder.

{Cylindrical lens}, A lens having one, or more than one, cylindrical surface.

{Cylindric surface} or {Cylindrical surface}, (Geom.), a surface described by a straight line that moves according to any law, but so as to be constantly parallel to a given line.

{Cylindrical vault}. (Arch.) See under {Vault}, n.

Cylindrical (a.) Having the form of a cylinder [syn: {cylindrical}, {cylindric}].

Cylindrically (adv.) In the manner or shape of a cylinder; so as to be cylindrical.

Cylindricity (n.) The quality or condition of being cylindrical.

Cylindriform (a.) Having the form of a cylinder.

Cylindroid (n.) A solid body resembling a right cylinder, but having the bases or ends elliptical.

Cylindroid (n.) (Geom.) A certain surface of the third degree, described by a moving straight line; -- used to illustrate the motions of a rigid body and also the forces acting on the body.

Cylindrometric (a.) Belonging to a scale used in measuring cylinders.

Cyma (n.) (Arch.) A member or molding of the cornice, the profile of which is wavelike in form.
Cyma (n.) (Bot.) A cyme. See Cyme.
Cyma recta, or Cyma, A cyma, hollow in its upper part and swelling below.
Cyma reversa, or Cyma Ogee, A cyma swelling out on the upper part and hollow below.
Cyma (n.) (Architecture) a molding for a cornice; in profile it is shaped like an S (partly concave and partly convex) [syn: cyma, cymatium].
Compare: Simar

Simar (n.) (中世紀后期婦女穿的)寬長袍 A woman's long dress or robe; also light covering; a scarf. [Written also cimar, cymar, samare, simare.]

Cymar (n.) (寬大無袖的)女便袍,女襯袍 A slight covering; a scarf. See Simar.

Cymatium (n.) (pl. -tia ) 【建筑】反曲線狀;波狀(拱頂)花邊 A capping or crowning molding in classic architecture.

Cymbal (n.) pl.〕【音樂】鐃鈸,釵(鈸)。 n. -ist 擊鈸者。A musical instrument used by the ancients. It is supposed to have been similar to the modern kettle drum, though perhaps smaller.

Cymbal (n.) A musical instrument of brass, shaped like a circular dish or a flat plate, with a handle at the back; -- used in pairs to produce a sharp ringing sound by clashing them together.

Cymbal (n.) A musical instrument used by gypsies and others, made of steel wire, in a triangular form, on which are movable rings.

Cymbalist (n.) 擊鈸者 A performer upon cymbals.

Cymbalist (n.) A performer on the cymbals.

Cymbiform  (a.) 【解剖學】【植物;植物學】船形的,舟狀的 Shaped like a boat; (Bot.) elongated and having the upper surface decidedly concave, as the glumes of many grasses.

Cymbium (n.) (Zool.) 寬口渦螺屬 A genus of marine univalve shells; the gondola.

Cyme (n.) (Bot.) 【植】聚繖花序 A flattish or convex flower cluster, of the centrifugal or determinate type, differing from a corymb chiefly in the order of the opening of the blossoms.

Cyme (n.) More or less flat-topped cluster of flowers in which the central or terminal flower opens first.

Cymene (n.) (Chem.) A colorless, liquid, combustible hydrocarbon, CH3.C6H4.C3H7, of pleasant odor, obtained from oil of cumin, oil of caraway, carvacrol, camphor, etc.; -- called also paracymene, and formerly camphogen.
Cymene (n.) Any of three isotopes of a colorless aromatic liquid hydrocarbon occurring in the volatile oil of cumin and thyme and used in the manufacture of synthetic resins.

Cymenol (n.) See Carvacrol.

Cymidine (n.) A liquid organic base, C10H13.NH2, derived from cymene.

Cymiferous (a.) Producing cymes.

Cymling (n.) Alt. of Cymbling

Cymbling (n.) A scalloped or "pattypan" variety of summer squash.

Cymogene (n.) A highly volatile liquid, condensed by cold and pressure from the first products of the distillation of petroleum; -- used for producing low temperatures.

Cymoid (a.) Having the form of a cyme.

Cymophane (n.) See Chrysoberyl.

Cymophanous (a.) Having a wavy, floating light; opalescent; chatoyant.

Cymose (a.) Alt. of Cymous

Cymous (a.) Having the nature of a cyme, or derived from a cyme; bearing, or pertaining to, a cyme or cymes.

Cymric (a.) Welsh.

Cymric (n.) The Welsh language.

Cymry (n.) A collective term for the Welsh race; -- so called by themselves .

Cymule (n.) A small cyme, or one of very few flowers.

Cynanche (n.) Any disease of the tonsils, throat, or windpipe, attended with inflammation, swelling, and difficulty of breathing and swallowing.

Cynanthropy (n.) A kind of madness in which men fancy themselves changed into dogs, and imitate the voice and habits of that animal.

Cynarctomachy (n.) Bear baiting with a dog.

Cynarrhodium (n.) A fruit like that of the rose, consisting of a cup formed of the calyx tube and receptacle, and containing achenes.

Cynegetics (n.) The art of hunting with dogs.

Cynic (a.) Alt. of Cynical

Cynical (a.) Having the qualities of a surly dog; snarling; captious; currish.

Cynical (a.) Pertaining to the Dog Star; as, the cynic, or Sothic, year; cynic cycle.

Cynical (a.) Belonging to the sect of philosophers called cynics; having the qualities of a cynic; pertaining to, or resembling, the doctrines of the cynics.

Cynical (a.) Given to sneering at rectitude and the conduct of life by moral principles; disbelieving in the reality of any human purposes which are not suggested or directed by self-interest or self-indulgence; as, a cynical man who scoffs at pretensions of integrity; characterized by such opinions; as, cynical views of human nature.

Cynic (n.) One of a sect or school of philosophers founded by Antisthenes, and of whom Diogenes was a disciple. The first Cynics were noted for austere lives and their scorn for social customs and current philosophical opinions. Hence the term Cynic symbolized, in the popular judgment, moroseness, and contempt for the views of others.

Cynic (n.) One who holds views resembling those of the Cynics; a snarler; a misanthrope; particularly, a person who believes that human conduct is directed, either consciously or unconsciously, wholly by self-interest or self-indulgence, and that appearances to the contrary are superficial and untrustworthy.

Cynic (n.) [ C ] (Disapproving)  A person who believes that people are only interested in themselves and are not sincere.

// I'm too much of a cynic to believe that he'll keep his promise.

// A cynic might say that the government has only taken this measure because it is concerned about its declining popularity.

Cynically (adv.) In a cynical manner.

Cynicalness (n.) The quality of being cynical.

Cynicism (n.) The doctrine of the Cynics; the quality of being cynical; the mental state, opinions, or conduct, of a cynic; morose and contemptuous views and opinions.

Cynoidea (n. pl.) A division of Carnivora, including the dogs, wolves, and foxes.

Cynorexia (n.) A voracious appetite, like that of a starved dog.

Cynosural (a.) Of or pertaining to a cynosure.

Cynosure (n.) The constellation of the Lesser Bear, to which, as containing the polar star, the eyes of mariners and travelers were often directed.

Cynosure (n.) That which serves to direct.

Cynosure (n.) Anything to which attention is strongly turned; a center of attraction.

Cynthia (n.) (Classical mythology)【詩】月亮;【希神】月亮女神 The virgin goddess of the hunt and the moon; daughter of Leto and twin sister of Apollo; identified with Roman Diana.

Syn: Artemis.

Cynthia (n.) (Greek mythology) the virgin goddess of the hunt and the Moon; daughter of Leto and twin sister of Apollo; identified with Roman Diana [syn: Artemis, Cynthia].

Cyon (n.) See Cion, and Scion.

Cyperaceous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a large family of plants of which the sedge is the type.

Cyperus (n.) A large genus of plants belonging to the Sedge family, and including the species called galingale, several bulrushes, and the Egyptian papyrus.

Cypher (n. & v.) See Cipher.

Cyphonautes (n.) The free-swimming, bivalve larva of certain Bryozoa.

Cyphonism (n.) A punishment sometimes used by the ancients, consisting in the besmearing of the criminal with honey, and exposing him to insects. It is still in use among some Oriental nations.

Cypraea (n.) A genus of mollusks, including the cowries. See Cowrie.

Cypres (n.) A rule for construing written instruments so as to conform as nearly to the intention of the parties as is consistent with law.

Cypresses (n. pl. ) of Cypress

Cypress (n.) A coniferous tree of the genus Cupressus. The species are mostly evergreen, and have wood remarkable for its durability.

Cyprian (a.) Belonging to Cyprus.

Cyprian (a.) Of, pertaining, or conducing to, lewdness.

Cyprian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Cyprus, especially of ancient Cyprus; a Cypriot.

Cyprian (n.) A lewd woman; a harlot.

Cyprine (a.) Of or pertaining to the cypress.

Cyprine (a.) Cyprinoid.

Cyprinodont (n.) One of the Cyprinodontidae, a family of fishes including the killifishes or minnows. See Minnow.

Cyprinoid (a.) Like the carp (Cyprinus).

Cyprinoid (n.) One of the Cyprinidae, or Carp family, as the goldfish, barbel, etc.

Cypriot (n.) A native or inhabitant of Cyprus.

Cypripedium (n.) A genus of orchidaceous plants including the lady's slipper.

Cyprides (n. pl. ) of Cypris

Cypris (n.) A genus of small, bivalve, fresh-water Crustacea, belonging to the Ostracoda; also, a member of this genus.

Cyprus (n.) A thin, transparent stuff, the same as, or corresponding to, crape. It was either white or black, the latter being most common, and used for mourning. [Obs.]

Lawn as white as driven snow, Cyprus black as e'er was crow. -- Shak.

Cyprus (n.) 塞普勒斯(西亞島國)A country on the island of Cyprus; 80% of the people are of Greek origin and 20% or Turkish origin [syn: Cyprus, Republic of Cyprus].

Cyprus (n.) An island in the eastern Mediterranean Cyprus one of the largest islands of the Mediterranean, about 148 miles long and 40 broad. It is distant about 60 miles from the Syrian coast. It was the "Chittim" of the Old Testament (Num. 24:24).

The Greek colonists gave it the name of Kypros, from the cyprus, i.e., the henna (see CAMPHIRE), which grew on this island. It was originally inhabited by Phoenicians. In B.C. 477 it fell under the dominion of the Greeks; and became a Roman province B.C. 58. In ancient times it was a centre of great commercial activity. Corn and wine and oil were produced here in the greatest perfection. It was rich also in timber and in mineral wealth.

It is first mentioned in the New Testament (Acts 4:36) as the native place of Barnabas. It was the scene of Paul's first missionary labours (13:4-13), when he and Barnabas and John Mark were sent forth by the church of Antioch. It was afterwards visited by Barnabas and Mark alone (15:39). Mnason, an "old disciple," probaly one of the converts of the day of Pentecost belonging to this island, is mentioned (21:16). It is also mentioned in connection with the voyages of Paul (Acts 21:3; 27:4). After being under the Turks for three hundred years, it was given up to the British Government in 1878.

Cyprus, fair; fairness

Cypruslawn (n.) Same as Cyprus.

Cypsela (n.) A one-seeded, one-celled, indehiscent fruit; an achene with the calyx tube adherent.

Cypseliform (a.) Like or belonging to the swifts (Cypselidae.)

Cyrenaic (a.) Pertaining to Cyrenaica, an ancient country of northern Africa, and to Cyrene, its principal city; also, to a school of philosophy founded by Aristippus, a native of Cyrene.

Cyrenaic (n.) A native of Cyrenaica; also, a disciple of the school of Aristippus. See Cyrenian, n.

Cyrenian (a.) Pertaining to Cyrene, in Africa; Cyrenaic.

Cyrenian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Cyrene.

Cyrenian (n.) One of a school of philosophers, established at Cyrene by Aristippus, a disciple of Socrates. Their doctrines were nearly the same as those of the Epicureans.

Cyriologic (a.) Relating to capital letters.

Cyrtostyle (n.) A circular projecting portion.

Cyst (n.) A pouch or sac without opening, usually membranous and containing morbid matter, which is accidentally developed in one of the natural cavities or in the substance of an organ.

Cyst (n.) In old authors, the urinary bladder, or the gall bladder.

Cyst (n.) One of the bladders or air vessels of certain algae, as of the great kelp of the Pacific, and common rockweeds (Fuci) of our shores.

Cyst (n.) A small capsule or sac of the kind in which many immature entozoans exist in the tissues of living animals; also, a similar form in Rotifera, etc.

Cyst (n.) A form assumed by Protozoa in which they become saclike and quiescent. It generally precedes the production of germs. See Encystment.

Cysted (a.) Inclosed in a cyst.

Cystic (a.) Having the form of, or living in, a cyst; as, the cystic entozoa.

Cystic (a.) Containing cysts; cystose; as, cystic sarcoma.

Cystic (a.) Pertaining to, or contained in, a cyst; esp., pertaining to, or contained in, either the urinary bladder or the gall bladder.

Cysticerce (n.) Alt. of Cysticercus

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